Within this article we talk about a basic 6V solar battery charger circuit with an automatic cut-off function making use of 4 way LED indication, and an overcurrent security. The system may be controlled by means of a solar panel or via an AC/DC mans adapter unit.
The preferred 6V solar battery charger circuit could be witnesed in the diagram in this article.
Making reference to the diagram, the different phases might be known with the aid of the following factors:
The IC LM317 which can be a regular voltage regulator IC is set up to generate a set 7V output dependent upon the resistances 120 ohms and 560 ohms.
The BC547 transistor and its base 1 ohm resistor make sure that the charging current to the 6V/4.5AH battery by no means surpasses the optimum 500mA mark.
The output of the LM317 phase is instantly associated with the 6V battery for the meant charging of the battery.
The input to this IC is selectable via a SPDT switch, either from the given solar panel or from an AC/DC adapter unit, which depends whether the solar panel is generating adequate voltage or not, which might be supervised by way of a voltmeter attached across the output pins of the LM317 IC.
The four opamps from the IC LM324 which happens to be a quad opamp in one package are cabled up as voltage comparators and deliver a visual indications for the a variety of voltage levels at any immediate, in the course of the charging method or throughout the discharging procedure by means of the associated LEd panel or another load.
All the inverting inputs of the opamps are clamped to a limited recommendation of 3V by way of the appropriate zener diode.
The non-inverting inputs of the opamps are separately connected to presets that happen to be properly set to improve with the pertinent voltage levels by producing their outputs high sequentially.
The symptoms for the identical might be checked via the linked colored LEDs.
The yellow LED connected with A2 could be set for showing the low voltage cut-off threshold. When this LED shuts off (white lights up), the transistor TIP122 is inhibited from carrying out and removes the supply to the load, therefore making certain the battery is rarely permitted to release to harmful unrecoverable boundaries.
A4 LED implies the upper full charge level of the battery....this output could possibly be fed to the base of the LM317 transistor in order to cut-off the charging voltage to the battery stopping overcharging (optional).
Please be aware that considering that the A2/A4 do not need hysteresis integrated could generate oscillations at the cut-off thresholds, which is not going to necessarily be an issue or influence the battery overall performance or life.